euroloos ltd

The Nation's Favourite with

1000's of toilets & welfare units


Next Day Delivery

From nationwide depots

Customer Rated Excellent

With over 1,500 reviews

No Account_grey

No Account Needed

Easy to hire in minutes

Help Center
< All Topics

What Is An Orbital Sander

An orbital sander is a power tool that is commonly used in woodworking and carpentry to sand various surfaces. It is a versatile tool that can be used for both rough and fine sanding, making it an essential tool for professionals and DIY enthusiasts alike.


The concept of sanding has been around for centuries, with early craftsmen using simple handheld tools to smooth rough surfaces. However, the introduction of power tools revolutionized the sanding process, making it faster, more efficient, and less physically demanding.


Orbital sanders were first introduced in the 1950s and quickly gained popularity due to their ability to produce smooth and consistent finishes. Unlike traditional sanding methods, which rely on manual back-and-forth movements, orbital sanders use a circular motion to sand the surface evenly.

Key Principles

An orbital sander operates by utilizing a sanding pad that moves in an orbital motion, combining both rotary and oscillating movements. This unique motion allows the sander to remove material quickly while minimizing the risk of leaving swirl marks or scratches on the surface.

The sanding pad of an orbital sander typically measures around 5 to 6 inches in diameter. It is equipped with a hook-and-loop system or clamps to secure sandpaper or sanding discs. The sandpaper or discs come in various grits, allowing users to choose the appropriate level of coarseness for their specific sanding needs.

When the orbital sander is turned on, the sanding pad spins in a circular motion while simultaneously moving in an elliptical or back-and-forth motion. This combination of movements ensures that the sanding action is distributed evenly across the surface, preventing any single spot from being over-sanded.

Additionally, orbital sanders often feature variable speed settings, allowing users to adjust the sanding speed based on the material being worked on. This feature is particularly useful when sanding delicate surfaces or when a more aggressive sanding action is required.


An orbital sander consists of several key components:

  1. Motor: The motor is the power source of the orbital sander. It generates the energy required to spin the sanding pad.
  2. Sanding Pad: The sanding pad is the surface that comes into contact with the material being sanded. It is typically made of durable materials such as rubber or foam and is designed to hold the sandpaper or sanding discs securely.
  3. Switch: The switch is used to turn the orbital sander on and off. Some models may also have additional controls, such as speed settings.
  4. Dust Collection System: Many orbital sanders feature a built-in dust collection system, which helps to minimize the amount of dust and debris generated during the sanding process. This feature not only keeps the work area clean but also improves the visibility of the surface being sanded.
  5. Handle: The handle provides a comfortable grip for the user, allowing for better control and maneuverability of the orbital sander.


In summary, an orbital sander is a power tool used for sanding various surfaces. Its unique orbital motion ensures even sanding and prevents swirl marks or scratches. With its versatility and efficiency, an orbital sander is an indispensable tool for achieving smooth and professional finishes in woodworking and carpentry projects.

Table of Contents